Brain Injury, mild : A patient with a mild traumatic brain injury is a person who has had a traumaticallyinduced physiological disruption of brain function, as manifested by at least one of the following: 1) any period of loss of consciousness, 2) any loss. Brain Injury, traumatic (TBI) : Damage to living brain tissue caused by an external, mechanical force. It is usually characterized by a period of altered consciousness (amnesia or coma) that can be very brief (minutes) or very long (months/indefinitely). The specific disabling condition(s) may be orthopedic, visual, aural, neurologic, perceptive/cognitive, or mental/emotional in nature. The term does not include brain injuries that are caused by insufficient blood supply, toxic substances, malignancy, diseaseproducing organisms, congential disorders, birth trauma or degenerative processes. Brain Plasticity : The ability of intact brain cells to take over functions of damaged cells; plasticity diminishes with maturation. Brain Scan : An imaging technique in which a radioactive dye (radionucleide) is injected into the blood stream and then pictures of the brain are taken to detect tumors, hemorrhages, blood clots, abscesses or abnormal anatomy. Brain Stem : The lower extension of the brain where it connects to the spinal cord.
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Augmentative and Alternative communication : Use of forms of communication other than speaking, such as: sign language, "yes, no" signals, gestures, picture board, and computerized speech systems to compensate (either temporarily or permanently) for severe expressive utexas communication disorders. Automatic Speech : Preservation of overly learned speech such as counting, alphabet, days of the week or songs. Balance : The ability to use appropriate righting and equilibrium reactions to maintain an upright position. It is usually tested in sitting and standing positions. Behavior : The total collection of actions and reactions exhibited by a person. See also working with Behavior Disorders. Bilateral : Pertaining to both right and left sides. Brain Injury, acquired : The implication of this term is that the individual experienced normal growth and development from conception through birth, until sustaining an insult to the brain at some later time which resulted in impairment of brain function. Brain Injury, closed (CHI) : Occurs when the head accelerates and then rapidly decelerates or collides with another object (for example the windshield of a car) and brain tissue is damaged, not by the presence of a foreign object within the brain, but by violent. Closed brain injuries typically cause diffuse tissue damage that result in disabilities which are generalized and highly variable.
This can interfere with the person's ability to walk, talk, eat, perform self-care tasks, and work. Attendant Care : Provision of assistance in activities of daily living for a person with disability. Daily number of hours of required assistance, either physical or supervisory. Atrophy : A wasting away or decrease in size of a cell, tissue, organ, or part of the body caused by lack of nourishment, inactivity or loss of nerve supply. Attention/Concentration : The ability to focus on business a given task or set of stimuli for an appropriate period of time. The ability to remain alert, focused and to maintain attention to the environment. Includes ability to selectively attend to appropriate things and screen out unimportant information, shift attention from one activity to another and attend to several things at one time. Audiologist : One who evaluates hearing defects and who aids in the rehabilitation of those who have such defects. Auditory comprehension : The ability to understand what is said.
Cognition is not possible without some degree of arousal. See also brain stem. Articulation : movement of the lips, tongue, teeth and palate best into specific patterns for purposes of speech. Also, a movable joint. Aspiration : When fluid or food enters the lungs through the wind pipe. Can cause a lung infection or pneumonia. Astereognosia : Inability to recognize things by touch. Ataxia : Inability to coordinate muscle movements or having irregular muscle movements.
Expressive aphasia refers to an inability to express oneself. Some patients may know what they want to say, but many of the words they say may not "make sense". Expressive aphasia is often associated with the left frontal area of the brain. Apraxia : Inability to perform purposeful movements when paralysis is not present. Particularly refers to inability to use objects. For example, a patient may be unable to put together the proper movements to sit cross-legged on the floor or may not know what to do when handed a broom. Aprosodia : A condition in which there is a loss of production or comprehension of the meaning of different tones of voice. Arousal : being awake. Primitive state of alertness managed by the reticular activating system (extending from medulla to the thalamus in the core of the brain stem) activating the cortex.
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When blood flow to the brain is reduced or when oxygen in the blood is too low, brain cells are damaged. Anterograde Amnesia : Inability to consolidate information about ongoing events. Difficulty with new learning. Anticonvulsant : Medication used to decrease the possibility of a seizure (e.g., dilantin, Phenobarbital, mysoline, tegretol). See also and pharmacology guide. Antidepressants : Medication used to treat depression.
Apathy : Absence of feelings or emotions. Aphasia : Loss of the ability to express oneself and/or to understand language. There are many different kinds of aphasia. Receptive aphasia refers to the inability to understand what someone else writing is saying. This is often associated with damage in the temporal area of the brain.
Amnesia : Lack of memory about events occurring during a particular period of time. See also: anterograde amnesia, retrograde amnesia, posttraumatic amnesia. Aneurysm : A balloonlike deformity in the wall of a blood vessel. The wall weakens as the balloon grows larger, and may eventually burst, causing a hemorrhage. Afo : Ankle-foot Orthosis.
A below the knee brace that keeps the foot in a neutral position. Anomia : Inability to recall names of objects. Persons with this problem often can speak fluently but have to use other words to describe familiar objects. Anosmia : Loss of the sense of smell. Anoxia : A lack of oxygen. Cells of the brain need oxygen to stay alive.
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Agitation : Excessive restlessness, including increased physical database activity which is usually non-purposeful and repetitious. Agnosia : failure to estate recognize familiar objects although the sensory mechanism is intact. May occur for any sensory modality. Agrammatism : An inability to produce words in correct sequence. Agraphia : Inability to express thoughts in writing. See also parietal lobe. Alexia : Inability to read. Ambulate : to walk.
Acute rehabilitation Program : Primary emphasis is on the early phase of rehabilitation which usually begins as soon as the patient is medically stable. The program is designed to be comprehensive and another based in a medical facility with a typical length of stay of 13 months. Treatment is provided by an identifiable team in a designated unit. Adaptive/Assistive equipment : A special device which assists in the performance of selfcare, work or play/leisure activities, or physical exercise. See also adaptive equipment catalog. Affect : The observable emotional condition of an individual at any given time. See also frontal lobe.
diet and using cognitive strategies to overcome pitfall thought patterns. In week 2, youll increase your energy by focusing on sleep, exercise, and memory-boosting games. In week 3, youll enhance your spirit through practices that help you connect to something larger than yourself and enable you to rediscover your joy in life. By the end of this simple program, youll be thinking more clearly, remembering more accurately, learning more quickly, and unleashing the floodgates of your creativity. And youll simply feel better for now and in the long term. Browse our extensive glossary of brain injury terms, or search for a specific term. Adl : Activities of daily living. Routine activities carried out for personal hygiene and health (including bathing, dressing, feeding) and for operating a household. Acute care : The phase of managing health problems which is conducted in a hospital on patients needing medical attention.
The good news: Its not an irreparable condition; rather its a side effect of modern-day living. Many of the foo, read More, is stress preventing you from enjoying your daily life? Many of the foods we eat and the habits we have do not support our brains. We no longer get what we need in order to produce essential brain chemicals that keep us energized, calm, focused, optimistic, and inspired. And even worse, our choices could lead to long-term problems, like dementia, alzheimers disease, depression, and anxiety. Sadly, if you look at the way most of us live, thesis it seems almost as though weve chosen a lifestyle deliberately intended to undermine our brain chemistry and our health. Fortunately, there is a solution. The Brain Fog Fix is an easy-to-follow three-week program designed to help naturally restore three of your brains most crucial hormones: serotonin, dopamine, and cortisol.
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During the recent total solar eclipse in the us, i fuller overlapped my hands, using the gaps between my fingers to form "pinholes". Just before the start of totality, someone noticed that the shadows formed through this "pinhole camera" onto a whiteboard were so sharp that the individual hairs on my arms were visible. How thin must the solar crescent be for the shadows to be this sharp, and how soon before totality would this occur? Is stress preventing you from enjoying your daily life? Do you find that youre becoming more distracted or forgetful? Are the blues sapping your spirits? Or do you simply feel not quite like yourself? If you want to reclaim you focus, memory, and joy, youre not alone. There are millions of people fighting against the epidemic of brain fog thats sweeping the nation.