The new computer was based on the Intel 8080 cpu, and Gates and Allen saw this as the opportunity to start their own computer software company. Gates dropped out of Harvard at this time. He had talked over this decision with his parents, who were supportive of him after seeing how much their son wanted to start his own company. Gates explained his decision to leave harvard, saying ".if things Microsoft hadn't worked out, i could always go back to school. I was officially on a leave of absence." 46 Microsoft main articles: History of Microsoft and Microsoft basic mits altair 8800 Computer with 8-inch (200 mm) floppy disk system After Gates read the january 1975 issue of Popular Electronics, which demonstrated the Altair 8800, he contacted. 47 In reality, gates and Allen did not have an Altair and had not written code for it; they merely wanted to gauge mits's interest.
We the Students, essay
36 he chose a pre-law major but took mathematics and graduate level computer science courses. 38 While at Harvard, he met fellow student Steve ballmer. Gates phrases left Harvard after two years while ballmer would stay and graduate magna cum laude. Years later, ballmer succeeded Gates as Microsoft's ceo. He maintained that position from 2000 until his resignation from the company in 2014. 39 In his second year, gates devised an algorithm for pancake sorting as a solution to one of a series of unsolved problems 40 presented in a combinatorics class by harry lewis, one of his professors. Gates' solution held the record as the fastest version for over thirty years; 40 41 its successor is faster by only one percent. 40 His solution was later formalized in a published paper in collaboration with Harvard computer scientist Christos Papadimitriou. 42 Gates did not have a definite study plan while he was a student at Harvard, and he spent a lot of time using the school's computers. Gates remained in contact with paul Allen, and he joined him at Honeywell during the summer of 1974. The mits altair 8800 was released the following year.
The following year, Information Sciences, Inc. Hired the four lakeside students to write a payroll program in yardage cobol, providing them computer time and royalties. After his administrators became aware of his programming abilities, gates wrote the school's computer program to schedule students in classes. He modified the code so that he was placed in classes with "a disproportionate number of interesting girls." 31 he later stated that "it was hard to tear myself away from a machine at which I could so unambiguously demonstrate success." At age 17, gates. In 1972, bill Gates served as a congressional page in the. 33 34 Gates was a national Merit Scholar when he graduated from lakeside School in 1973. 35 he scored 15 on the Scholastic Aptitude tests (SAT) and enrolled at Harvard College in the autumn of 1973.
Gates took an interest in programming the ge system in basic, and business was excused from math classes to pursue his interest. He wrote his first computer program on this machine: an implementation of tic-tac-toe that allowed users to play games against the computer. Gates was fascinated by the machine and how it would always execute software code perfectly. When he reflected back on that moment, he said, "There was just something neat about the machine." After the mothers Club donation was exhausted, he and other students sought time on systems including dec pdp minicomputers. One of these systems was a pdp-10 belonging to computer Center Corporation (ccc which banned four lakeside students Gates, paul Allen, ric weiland, and Kent evans for the summer after it caught them exploiting bugs in the operating system to obtain free computer time. 30 At the end of the ban, the four students offered to find bugs in ccc paper 's software in exchange for extra computer time. Rather than use the system via teletype. Subsequently, gates went to ccc's offices and studied source code for various programs that ran on the system, including programs in Fortran, lisp, and machine language. The arrangement with ccc continued until 1970, when the company went out of business.
He is the fourth of his name in his family, but is known as William Gates iii or "Trey" because his father had the "II" suffix. Early on in his life, gates observed that his parents wanted him to pursue a law career. When Gates was young, his family regularly attended a church of the congregational Christian Churches, a protestant Reformed denomination. The family encouraged competition; one visitor reported that "it didn't matter whether it was hearts or pickleball or swimming to the dock. There was always a reward for winning and there was always a penalty for losing". 25 At 13, he enrolled in the lakeside School, a private preparatory school. When Gates was in the eighth grade, the mothers' Club at the school used proceeds from lakeside School's rummage sale to buy a teletype model 33 asr terminal and a block of computer time on a general Electric (GE) computer for the school's students.
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Later in his career and since leaving Microsoft, gates pursued a number of philanthropic endeavors. He donated large amounts of money to various charitable organizations and scientific research programs through the bill melinda gates foundation. 15 In 2009, gates and Warren Buffett founded The giving Pledge, whereby they and other billionaires pledge to give at least half of their wealth to philanthropy. 16 The foundation works to save lives and improve global health, and is working with Rotary International to eliminate polio. 17 Contents Early life gates was born in seattle, washington on October 28, 1955. He is the son of William.
1925) and Mary maxwell Gates (19291994). His ancestry includes English, german, irish, and Scots-Irish. 18 19 His father was a prominent lawyer, and his mother served on the board of directors for First Interstate bancSystem and the United way. Gates' maternal grandfather was. W, maxwell, a national bank president. Gates has one older sister, Kristi (Kristianne and a younger sister, libby.
Paul Allen launched, microsoft, which became the world's largest. 4 a, gates led the company as chief executive officer until stepping down in January 2000, but he remained as chairman and created the position of chief software architect for himself. 7, in June 2006, gates announced that he would be transitioning from full-time work at Microsoft to part-time work and full-time work at the. Bill melinda gates foundation, which was established in 2000. 8, he gradually transferred his duties.
Ray ozzie and, craig Mundie. 9, he stepped down as chairman of Microsoft in February 2014 and assumed a new post as technology adviser to support the newly appointed ceo. 10, gates is one of the best-known entrepreneurs of the personal computer revolution. He has been criticized for his business tactics, which have been considered anti-competitive. This opinion has been upheld by numerous court rulings. Since 1987, gates has been included in the forbes list of the world's wealthiest people, an index of the wealthiest documented individuals, excluding and ranking against those with wealth that is not able to be completely ascertained. 12 to 2017, he held the forbes title of the richest person in the world all but four of those years, and held it consistently from March 20, with an estimated net worth of US89.9 billion as of October 2017. 1 However, on July 27, 2017, and since October 27, 2017, he has been surpassed by Amazon founder and ceo jeff bezos, who had an estimated net worth of US90.6 billion at the time. 14 As of may 5, 2018, gates had a net worth.5 billion, making him the second-richest person in the world, behind bezos.
Bill of, rights, institute - wikipedia
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. Amendment ix, the enumeration in the constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. Amendment x, the powers not delegated to the United States by the constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people. For other people named William or Bill Gates, see. William Henry gates iii (born October 28, 1955) is an American business magnate, night investor, author, philanthropist, humanitarian, and principal founder of, microsoft Corporation. 3, during his career at Microsoft, gates held the positions of chairman, ceo and chief software architect, while also being the largest individual shareholder until may 2014. In plan 1975, gates and.
Virginias legislature was the final state legislature to ratify the amendments, approving them on December 15, 1791. The bill of Rights full Text. Amendment i, congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress. Amendment ii, a well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed. Amendment iii, no soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place. Amendment v, no person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service. Amendment vi, in all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the state and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, resume and. Amendment vii, in suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the United States, than according.
limits on government power. Federalists argued that the constitution did not need a bill of rights, because the people and the states kept any powers not given to the federal government. Anti-federalists held that a bill of rights was necessary to safeguard individual liberty. Madison, then a member of the. House of Representatives, altered the constitutions text where he thought appropriate. However, several representatives, led by roger Sherman, objected, saying that Congress had no authority to change the wording of the constitution. Therefore, madisons changes were presented as a list of amendments that would follow Article vii. The house approved 17 amendments. Of these, the senate approved 12, which were sent to the states for approval in August 1789. Ten amendments were approved (or ratified).
Constitution make up the bill of Rights. James Madison wrote the amendments, which list specific prohibitions on governmental power, in response to calls from several states for greater constitutional protection for individual liberties. For example, the founders saw the ability to speak and worship freely as a natural right protected by the first Amendment. Congress is prohibited from making laws establishing religion or abridging freedom of speech. The fourth Amendment safeguards citizens right to be free from unreasonable government intrusion in their margaret homes through the requirement of a warrant. The bill of Rights was strongly influenced by the virginia declaration of Rights, written. Other precursors include English documents such as the magna carta, the petition of Right, the English Bill of Rights, and the massachusetts Body of Liberties.
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Through the bill of Rights Institute i have been able to learn new skills, obtain vast knowledge, travel to the site of historical events, discuss history with scholars, and acquire quality teaching materials to use in my classroom. — bev lucas, government. History teacher, wichita, kansas. Download a pdf of the bill of Rights. Click for free documents of Freedom lesson on the bill of Rights. Click for free voices of History lesson on the bill of Rights. The first 10 amendments to the.