He did not like leaving his family and the home they had established in Panama and intended to request orders home as soon as he determined he was not needed. 20 On, butler and navy. (later Adm.) Frank. Fletcher (not to be confused with his uncle, who was then rear Adm. Fletcher ) "went ashore at Veracruz, where they met the American superintendent of the Inter-Oceanic railway and surreptitiously rode in his private car a railway car up the line 75 miles to jalapa and back". 21 A purpose of the trip was to allow Butler and Fletcher to discuss the details of a future expedition into mexico.
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He successfully managed a coal mine in West Virginia, but returned to after active duty in the marine corps at the first opportunity. 19 Central America edit From 1909-12 Butler served in Nicaragua enforcing. With a 104-degree fever he led his battalion to the relief of a rebel-besieged city, granada. In December 1909 he commanded the 3d Battalion, 1st Marine regiment on the Isthmus of Panama. On August 11, 1912, he was temporarily detached to command an expeditionary battalion he led in the battle of Masaya on September 19, 1912, and summary the bombardment, assault and capture of coyotepe hill, nicaragua, in October 1912. He remained in Nicaragua until november 1912, when he rejoined the marines of 3d Battalion, 1st Marine regiment, at Camp Elliott, panama. 3 Veracruz, mexico, and first Medal of Honor edit marine Officers at Veracruz. Front row, left to right: Wendell. Neville ; John. Lejeune ; Littleton. Waller, commanding; Smedley butler Butler and his family were living in Panama in January 1914 when he was ordered to report as the marine officer of a battleship squadron massing off the coast of Mexico, near Veracruz, to monitor a revolutionary movement.
14 During this expedition Butler earned the first of his nicknames, "Old Gimlet eye". It was london attributed to his feverish, bloodshot eyes—he was suffering from some unnamed tropical fever at the time—that enhanced his penetrating and bellicose stare. 15 Marriage and business edit After the honduran campaign Butler returned to Philadelphia. He married Ethel Conway peters of Philadelphia in bay head, new Jersey, on June 30, 1905. 16 His best man at the wedding was his former commanding officer in China,. 17 The couple eventually had three children: a daughter, Ethel Peters Butler (Mrs. John Wehle and two sons, Smedley darlington. 18 Butler was next assigned to garrison duty in the Philippines, where he once launched a resupply mission across the stormy waters of Subic bay after his isolated outpost ran out of rations. In 1908 he was diagnosed as having a nervous breakdown and received nine months sick leave, which he spent at home.
Businesses and Wall Street bankers imposed their agenda on United States foreign policy during this period. 13 Honduras edit In 1903 Butler was stationed in puerto rico on Culebra Island. Hearing rumors of a honduran revolt, the the United States government ordered his unit and a supporting naval detachment to sail to honduras, 1,500 miles (2,414 km) to the west, to defend the. Using a converted banana boat renamed the panther, butler and several hundred Marines landed at the port town of puerto cortés. In a letter home, he described the action: they were "prepared to land and shoot everybody and everything that was breaking the peace 14 but instead found a quiet town. The marines re-boarded the panther and continued up the coast line, looking for rebels at several towns, but found none. When they arrived at Trujillo, however, they heard gunfire, and came upon a battle in progress that had been waged for 55 hours between rebels called Bonillista and Honduran government soldiers at a local fort. At the sight of the marines, the fighting ceased and Butler led a detachment of Marines to the American consulate, where he found the consul, wrapped in an American flag, hiding among the floor beams. As soon as the marines left the area with the shaken consul, the battle resumed and the bonillistas soon controlled the government.
He was eligible for the marine corps Brevet Medal when it was created in 1921, and was one of only 20 Marines to receive. 10 His citation reads: The secretary of the navy takes pleasure in transmitting to first lieutenant Smedley darlington Butler, United States Marine corps, the Brevet Medal which is awarded in accordance with Marine corps Order. 26 (1921 for distinguished conduct and public service in the presence of the enemy while serving with the second Battalion of Marines, near tientsin, China, on On, first lieutenant Butler is appointed Captain by brevet, to take rank from The banana wars edit butler participated. This company had significant financial stakes in the production of bananas, tobacco, sugar cane and other products throughout the caribbean, central America and the northern portions of south America. Was also trying to advance its own political interests by maintaining its influence in the region and especially its control of the panama canal. These interventions started with the SpanishAmerican War in 1898 and ended with the withdrawal of troops from haiti and President Franklin. Roosevelt 's good neighbor Policy in 1934. 12 After his retirement, butler became an outspoken critic of the business interests in the caribbean, criticizing the ways in which.
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9 Boxer Rebellion edit butler being carried on the back of ghostwriter another Marine to safety across a river at the battle of tientsin. Once in China, butler was initially deployed at tientsin. He took part in the battle of tientsin on July 13, 1900, and in the subsequent Gaselee expedition, during which he paralipomena saw the mutilated remains of Japanese soldiers. When he saw another Marine officer fall wounded, he climbed out of a trench to rescue him. Butler was then himself shot in the thigh.
Another Marine helped him get to safety, but also was shot. Despite his leg wound, butler assisted the wounded officer to the rear. Four enlisted men would receive the medal of Honor in the battle. Butler's commanding officer, maj. Waller, personally commended him and wrote that "for such reward as you may deem proper the following officers: lieutenant Smedley. Butler, for the admirable control of his men in all the fights of the week, for saving a wounded man at the risk of his own life, and under a very severe fire." Commissioned officers were not then eligible to receive the medal of Honor.
6 PhilippineAmerican War edit The marine corps sent him to manila, philippines. 7 On garrison duty with little to do, butler turned to alcohol to relieve the boredom. He once became drunk and was temporarily relieved of command after an unspecified incident in his room. 8 In October 1899, he saw his first combat action when he led 300 Marines to take the town of noveleta from Filipino rebels known as Insurrectos. In the initial moments of the assault his first sergeant was wounded.
Butler briefly panicked, but quickly regained his composure and led his Marines in pursuit of the fleeing enemy. 8 by noon the marines had dispersed the rebels and taken the town. One marine had been killed and ten were wounded. Another 50 Marines had been incapacitated by the humid tropical heat. 9 After the excitement of this combat, garrison duty again became routine. Butler had a very large eagle, globe, and Anchor tattoo made which started at his throat and extended to his waist. He also met Littleton Waller, a fellow Marine with whom he maintained a lifelong friendship. When Waller received command of a company in guam, he was allowed to select five officers to take with him. Before they had departed, their orders were changed and they were sent to China aboard the uss solace to help put down the boxer Rebellion.
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Nevertheless, haverford awarded him his high school diploma on June 6, 1898, before the end of his final year. His transcript stated that he completed the scientific course "with Credit". 1 Military career edit SpanishAmerican War edit In the Spanish war fervor of 1898, butler lied about his age to receive a direct commission as a marine literature second lieutenant. 1 he trained in Washington, dc, at the marine barracks on the corner of 8th and i streets. In July 1898 he went to guantánamo bay, cuba, arriving shortly after its invasion and capture. 5 His company soon returned to the. S., and after a short break he was assigned to the armored cruiser uss new York for four months. 6 he came home to be mustered out of service in February 1899, 6 but on e accepted a commission as a first lieutenant in the marine corps.
English ancestry, all of whom had been in what is now the United States since the 1600s. 2, his father was a lawyer, a judge and, for 31 years, a congressman and chair of the house naval Affairs Committee during the. Harding and coolidge administrations. His maternal grandfather was Smedley darlington, a republican congressman from 1887 to 1891. 3 Butler attended the west Chester Friends Graded High School, followed by The haverford School, a secondary school popular with sons of upper-class Philadelphia families. 4 a haverford athlete, he essay became captain of its baseball team and quarterback of its football team. 1 Against the wishes of his father, he left school 38 days before his seventeenth birthday to enlist in the marine corps during the SpanishAmerican War.
Is a racket, where he described and criticized the workings of the United States in its foreign actions and wars, such as those he was a part of, including the American corporations and other imperialist motivations behind them. After retiring from service, he became a popular activist, speaking at meetings organized by veterans, pacifists, and church groups in the 1930s. Contents, early life edit, smedley butler was born July 30, 1881,. West Chester, pennsylvania, the eldest of three sons. His parents, Thomas and maud (née darlington) Butler, 1 were descended from local, quaker families. Both of his parents were of entirely.
By the end of his career, butler had received 16 medals, five for heroism. He is one of 19 men to receive the. Medal of Honor twice, one of three barbing to be awarded both the. Marine corps Brevet Medal (along with Wendell neville and david Porter) and the medal of Honor, and the only marine to be awarded the Brevet Medal and two medals of Honor, all for separate actions. In 1933, he became involved in a controversy known as the. Business Plot, when he told a congressional committee that a group of wealthy industrialists were planning a military coup to overthrow, franklin. Roosevelt, with Butler selected to lead a march of veterans to become dictator, similar to other Fascist regimes at that time.
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Smedley darlington Butler (July 30, 1881 June 21, 1940) was. United States Marine corps major general, the highest rank authorized at that time, and at the time of his death the most decorated Marine. During his 34-year career as a marine, he participated in military actions in the Philippines, China, in Central America and the caribbean during the. Banana wars, and France in, world War. Butler later became an outspoken critic. Wars and their consequences, first as well as exposing the. Business Plot, an alleged plan to overthrow the.