Back at Elsinore (the danish palace ophelia has gone mad following her father's death. She sings childish and bawdy songs and speaks nonsensically. Laertes soon returns to denmark with a mob in tow, demanding an explanation of Polonius' death. Claudius gingerly calms the young man and convinces him that Hamlet was the guilty party. Letters arrive attesting to a strange turn of fortunes on the sea. Hamlet's ship to England was attacked by pirates, who captured Hamlet and arranged to return him to denmark for a ransom.
Hamlet : Play, summary, shakespeare's
In the course of their interview, polonius hides behind a giving tapestry; at one point, he drunk thinks that Hamlet is going to attack gertrude and cries for help. Hamlet stabs Polonius through the tapestry, thinking he has killed Claudius. When he finds that he has merely killed a "rash, intruding fool hamlet returns to the business of "speaking daggers" to his mother. Just as Gertrude appears convinced by hamlet's excoriation, the ghost of Old Hamlet reappears and tells Hamlet not to behave so cruelly to his mother, and to remember to carry out revenge on Claudius. Gertrude perceives her son discoursing with nothing but air and is completely convinced of his madness. Hamlet exits her room, dragging the body of Polonius behind him. After much questioning, Claudius convinces Hamlet to reveal the hiding place of Polonius' body. He then makes arrangements for Hamlet to go to England immediately, accompanied by rosencrantz and guildenstern. Claudius writes a letter to the English court asking them to kill Hamlet immediately upon his arrival and places the letter with his two cronies. On their way to the ship, hamlet and his entourage pass Fortinbras' norwegian army en route to a polish campaign.
The king decides that Hamlet is not mad for plan love of her but for some other hidden reason. Hamlet prepares to put on his play, which he calls "The mouse Trap." After instructing the players in their parts, hamlet retires to the audience, where Claudius, gertrude, ophelia, and Polonius have gathered, along with many others. In the course of the play, both Gertrude and Claudius become extremely upset, though for different reasons. Gertrude is flustered by hamlet's veiled accusation that she was inconstant and hypocritical for remarrying after Old Hamlet's death; Claudius is shaken because he is indeed guilty of his brother's murder. Claudius decides that he must get rid of Hamlet by sending him to England. Following the play, gertrude calls Hamlet to her room, intending to berate him for his horrible insinuations. Hamlet turns the tables on her, accusing her of a most grotesque lust and claiming that she has insulted her father and herself by stooping to marry Claudius.
Claudius summons two of Hamlet's school friends, rosencrantz and business guildenstern, in order to discover the meaning of this strange behavior. Rosencrantz and guildenstern's attempts to discover the reason for Hamlet's madness are met with evasion and witticism. Meanwhile, polonius hatches a theory of his own: he thinks that Hamlet is insane due to Ophelia's rejection of his love. He arranges roles to test his theory by setting Ophelia on Hamlet when they are apparently alone and then observing the proceedings with Claudius. Hamlet's only consolation appears to be the coming of a troupe of players from England. Hamlet asks the player's whether they could play a slightly modified version of a tragedy. We realize that Hamlet plans to put on a play that depicts the death of his father, to see whether Claudius is really guilty, and the ghost is really to be trusted. In Act Three, ophelia approaches Hamlet when they are apparently alone; Claudius and Polonius hide behind a tapestry and observe. Hamlet behaves extremely cruelly toward Ophelia.
Hamlet questions the ghost, who beckons Hamlet away from the others. When they are alone, the ghost reveals that Claudius murdered him in order to steal his crown and his wife. The ghost makes Hamlet promise to take revenge on Claudius. Hamlet appears to concur excitedly. He has Horatio and the guards swear not to reveal what they have seen. Act Two finds us some indefinite time in the future. Hamlet has been behaving in a most erratic and alarming way.
SparkNotes: Hamlet : Plot overview
We watch their marriage celebration and hear about a threat from the Prince of Norway, fortinbras, which Claudius manages to avoid by diplomacy. Hamlet is in attendance at this wedding celebration; he is hardly in joyous spirits, however. He is disgusted by his mother's decision to marry Claudius so soon after his father's demise. Horatio tells Hamlet of the appearance of the ghost and Hamlet determines to visit the spirit himself. Meanwhile, the court adviser, polonius, sends his son, laertes, back to paris, where he is living.
Laertes and Polonius both question. Ophelia (sister and daughter, respectively) about her statement relationship with Hamlet. Ophelia admits that Hamlet has been wooing her. They tell her to avoid Hamlet and reject his amorous advances, emphasizing the importance of protecting her chastity. Ophelia agrees to cut off contact. That night, hamlet accompanies the watch. The ghost appears once more.
Horatio diverts Hamlet's attention from laertes for a moment by pointing out that "The queen falls.". Gertrude, believing that Hamlet's hitting laertes means her son is winning the fencing match, has drunk a toast to her son from the poisoned cup Claudius had intended for Hamlet. As laertes lies dying, he confesses to hamlet his part in the plot and explains that Gertrude's death lies on Claudius' head. Finally enraged, hamlet stabs Claudius with the poisoned sword and then pours the last of the poisoned wine down the king's throat. Before he dies, hamlet declares that the throne should now pass to Prince fortinbras of Norway, and he implores his true friend Horatio to accurately explain the events that have led to the bloodbath at Elsinore. With his last breath, he releases himself from the prison of his words: "The rest is silence.".
The play ends as Prince fortinbras, in his first act as King of Denmark, orders a funeral with full military honors for slain Prince hamlet. Something is amiss in Denmark - for two successive nights, the midnight guard has witnessed the appearance of the ghost. Old Hamlet, the former King of Denmark who has recently died. Horatio, a learned scholar and friend. Hamlet, prince of Denmark, to witness this apparition. Though skeptical at first, horatio sees the ghost and decides to report its appearance to hamlet. Meanwhile, a new king of Denmark has been crowned: Claudius, old Hamlet's brother. Claudius has taken Old Hamlet's widow, gertrude, as his wife.
Summary of, hamlet by william Shakespeare
Ophelia, distraught over her father's death and Hamlet's behavior, drowns while singing sad love songs bemoaning the fate of a spurned lover. Her brother, laertes, falls next. Laertes, returned to denmark from France to avenge his father's death, witnesses professional Ophelia's descent into madness. After her funeral, where he and Hamlet come to blows over which of them loved Ophelia best, laertes vows to punish Hamlet for her death as well. Unencumbered by words, laertes plots with Claudius to kill Hamlet. In the midst of the sword fight, however, laertes drops his poisoned sword. Hamlet retrieves the sword and cuts laertes. The lethal poison kills laertes. Before he dies, laertes tells Hamlet that because hamlet has already been cut with the same sword, he too will shortly die.
But, as Hamlet observes, "conscience doth make cowards of us all.". In his continued reluctance to dispatch Claudius, hamlet actually causes six ancillary deaths. The first death belongs. Polonius, whom Hamlet stabs through a wallhanging as the old man spies on Hamlet and Gertrude in the queen's summary private chamber. Claudius punishes Hamlet for Polonius' death by exiling him to England. He has brought Hamlet's school chums Rosencrantz and guildenstern to denmark from Germany to spy on his nephew, and now he instructs them to deliver Hamlet into the English king's hands for execution. Hamlet discovers the plot and arranges for the hanging of Rosencrantz and guildenstern instead.
troupe of players who perform a play called. The murder of Gonzago to which Hamlet has added scenes that recreate the murder the Ghost described. Hamlet calls the revised play. The mousetrap, and the ploy proves a success. As Hamlet had hoped, Claudius' reaction to the staged murder reveals the king to be conscience-stricken. Claudius leaves the room because he cannot breathe, and his vision is dimmed for want of light. Convinced now that Claudius is a villain, hamlet resolves to kill him.
The Ghost complains that he is unable to rest in peace because he was murdered. Claudius, says the Ghost, poured poison in King Hamlet's ear while the old king napped. Unable to confess and find salvation, king Hamlet is now consigned, for a time, to spend his days in Purgatory and walk the earth by night. He entreats Hamlet to avenge his death, but to spare gertrude, to let heaven decide her fate. Hamlet vows to affect madness — puts "an antic disposition on" — to wear a mask that will enable him to observe the interactions in the castle, but finds himself more confused than ever. In his persistent confusion, he questions the Ghost's trustworthiness. What if the Ghost is not a true spirit, but rather an agent of the devil sent to tempt him? What if killing Claudius results in Hamlet's having to relive his memories for all eternity?
Summary of Shakespeare's Longest Play, hamlet "
Bookmark this page, prince, hamlet is depressed. Having been summoned home to denmark from school in Germany to attend his father's funeral, he is shocked to find his mother. The queen plan has wed Hamlet's Uncle. Claudius, the dead king's brother. To hamlet, the marriage is "foul incest." Worse still, Claudius has had himself crowned King despite the fact that Hamlet was his father's heir to the throne. Hamlet suspects foul play. When his father's ghost visits the castle, hamlet's suspicions are confirmed.